Published 14th June 2023 by | Cybersecurity

How to Implement Cyber Essentials in Your Organisation: A Step-by-Step Guide

As a trusted IT Security services specialist, our goal is to help SME businesses secure their IT infrastructure from cyber-attacks and threats.

In today’s digital landscape, organisations face increasing risks of cybercrime and data breaches. Implementing robust cybersecurity measures is crucial to protect sensitive information and maintain business continuity.

In this step-by-step guide, we will walk you through the process of implementing Cyber Essentials in your organisation. Cyber Essentials is a government-backed certification scheme that provides a clear framework for establishing essential security controls. By following this guide, you will enhance your organisation’s cybersecurity posture and mitigate the risks associated with cyber threats.

Key Takeaways

  1. Cyber Essentials is a government-backed certification scheme designed to establish fundamental cybersecurity controls and mitigate common cyber risks.
  2. Obtaining Cyber Essentials certification offers benefits such as enhanced security, competitive advantage, compliance alignment, risk mitigation, and business opportunities.
  3. Cyber Essentials offers two levels of certification: Cyber Essentials and Cyber Essentials Plus. The Plus level involves a more rigorous assessment that includes on-site vulnerability scans and simulated phishing attacks.
  4. Implementing Cyber Essentials involves familiarizing yourself with the requirements, assessing your current security measures, creating an action plan, implementing security controls, providing employee training and awareness, and conducting regular assessments and updates.
  5. The cost of Cyber Essentials certification varies based on the level and size of your organization. To maintain certification, ongoing adherence to cybersecurity controls and continuous improvement is necessary.

Understanding Cyber Essentials

cyber essential consultancy

What is Cyber Essentials?

Cyber Essentials is a UK government-backed cybersecurity certification scheme designed to help organisations establish fundamental cybersecurity controls. By implementing Cyber Essentials, your organisation can demonstrate its commitment to safeguarding data and mitigating common cyber risks. The certification is especially valuable for large to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) looking to enhance their cybersecurity posture.

The Importance of Cyber Essentials

Obtaining Cyber Essentials certification offers numerous benefits for your organisation, including:

  • Enhanced Security: Cyber Essentials helps you implement essential cybersecurity controls to protect against common threats, reducing the risk of cyber attacks and data breaches.
  • Competitive Advantage: Certification demonstrates your commitment to cybersecurity best practices, providing a competitive edge when engaging with clients and partners who prioritize data protection.
  • Compliance Alignment: Cyber Essentials aligns with many industry regulations and frameworks, facilitating compliance with data protection and cybersecurity requirements.
  • Risk Mitigation: By implementing Cyber Essentials controls, you minimize the risk of cyber incidents, safeguarding your organisation’s reputation, and avoiding potential financial losses.
  • Business Opportunities: Some contracts and government tenders require Cyber Essentials certification, opening up new business opportunities and expanding your market reach.

Cyber Essentials and Cyber Essentials Plus

Cyber Essentials offers two levels of certification: Cyber Essentials and Cyber Essentials Plus. Understanding the difference between these certifications is essential to determine which one is suitable for your organisation’s specific needs.

  • Cyber Essentials: ┬áThis certification involves a self-assessment process where you complete a questionnaire covering five key control areas:
    • boundary firewalls
    • secure configuration access control
    • patch management
    • malware protection.

Once you have implemented the necessary controls and passed the assessment, you can obtain the Cyber Essentials certification. The certification cost varies based on the size and complexity of the organisation, but it is an investment that outweighs the potential costs of a cyber breach. Cyber Essentials certification brings credibility and trustworthiness to your organisation.

  • Cyber Essentials Plus:Cyber Essentials Plus is an advanced level of certification that goes beyond the self-assessment of basic Cyber Essentials.
    • In addition to the self-assessment questionnaire, Cyber Essentials Plus includes an on-site vulnerability scan and simulated phishing attacks to test the effectiveness of your organisation’s cybersecurity defence.

Achieving Cyber Essentials Plus demonstrates a higher level of cybersecurity maturity. This level of certification involves a more rigorous assessment conducted by independent cybersecurity experts. An independent certification body conducts an on-site assessment to test for vulnerabilities and verify your compliance. This level of certification provides a higher level of assurance and demonstrates your organisation’s commitment to rigorous cybersecurity practices.

Cyber essentials services

Step-by-Step Guide to Implementing Cyber Essentials

Step 1: Familiarize Yourself with Cyber Essentials Requirements

Start by familiarizing yourself with the specific requirements and criteria requirements outlined by the National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC). Understand the five key technical controls: boundary firewalls, secure configuration, user access control, malware protection, and patch management. Ensure you have a clear understanding of each control and how it applies to your organisation.

Step 2: Assess Your Current Cyber Security Measures

Conduct a thorough assessment of your organisation’s current security measures using the NCSC self-assessment framework. Evaluate your IT infrastructure, network security, access controls, and data protection practices. Identify strengths and weaknesses, and address any gaps or vulnerabilities before proceeding with the implementation process. Consider conducting vulnerability assessments and penetration testing to identify potential risks.

Step 3: Create an Action Plan

Develop a comprehensive action plan that outlines the necessary steps and milestones for implementing Cyber Essentials. Consider the unique needs and resources of your organisation. Prioritize critical security areas and set achievable goals and timelines.

Ensure that the action plan aligns with your organisation’s strategic objectives.

Step 4: Implement the Security Controls

Global security training

Implement the security controls outlined in the Cyber Essentials framework. This includes measures such as installing and maintaining firewalls, implementing secure configurations, restricting administrative privileges, encrypting sensitive data, and deploying reliable malware protection software.

Choose security solutions that align with your organisation’s needs and industry best practices. Consider the use of multi-factor authentication to enhance user access control.

Step 5: Employee Training and Awareness

Invest in comprehensive employee training and awareness programs to educate your staff about cybersecurity best practices.

Train them on how to recognize and respond to phishing attempts, the importance of strong passwords, secure browsing habits, and the proper handling of sensitive data. Regularly update employees on emerging threats and provide them with resources to stay informed. Encourage a culture of cybersecurity awareness throughout the organisation.

Step 6: Regular Assessments and Updates

Perform regular assessments and updates to ensure ongoing compliance with Cyber Essentials. Review your security controls, conduct vulnerability scans, and implement necessary patches and updates.

Continuously monitor your IT infrastructure and address any new risks or vulnerabilities that may arise. Stay informed about the evolving cybersecurity landscape and adjust your security measures accordingly.

The Cost of Cyber Essentials Certification

The cost of Cyber Essentials certification may vary depending on several factors, such as the level of certification (Cyber Essentials or Cyber Essentials Plus) and the size and complexity of your organization. It is advisable to contact accredited certification bodies to obtain accurate cost estimates based on your specific requirements.

Cyber essentials protection

Maintaining Cyber Essentials Certification

Cyber Essentials certification is valid for one year. To maintain your certification, you must continuously adhere to the cybersecurity controls and review your practices to address emerging threats. Regularly assess your cybersecurity posture, update policies and procedures, and stay informed about the latest cybersecurity trends and best practices.


Implementing Cyber Essentials is a crucial step in safeguarding your organisation’s IT infrastructure against cyber threats. By following this step-by-step guide, you can establish a solid security foundation and demonstrate your commitment to cybersecurity best practices.

Additionally, consider taking your security measures to the next level by achieving Cyber Essentials Plus certification, which provides a higher level of assurance through rigorous assessments and penetration testing. Protecting your organisation from cyber threats requires a proactive and ongoing approach, and Cyber Essentials can be the catalyst for strengthening your defences.

Book your Cyber Essentials Assessment

Take action today and secure your organisation with Cyber Essentials certification. Contact us today to learn more about our services and how we can assist you in achieving Cyber Essentials certification.

Book your Cyber essentials assessment today with our team to help you through the process.

Share This:
Tweet Post Share